"Understanding Your Home" by Building Inspector Mark Visser
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Tree staking, Tree guying, Tree mulching. Trunk wrap.

WARNING. Before digging, contact your utility companies to mark the location of any underground lines. Failing to do so could make you liable for any repair costs..
Staking and guying
. Not all trees need staking. Staking and guying should be provided only for a short time till the tree has had time 'to take roots'. If left for too long it can cause trunk deformities and bark damage. Don't stake too tight, give the tree room to sway. Remove stakes and guy wires after approximately one year.


Mulching. Like for so many things in life, too much is not always good. Mulching should be applied around the tree but not right up to the tree trunk. Too much mulch against the trunk may promote bark decease and/or damage. The purpose of mulch is to provide better absorption of surface water and directing it to the root system.

Trunk wrap. Young tree trunks should be protected during the harsh winter month from winter damage. Use approved wrapping material and apply for two or three seasons. Be sure to remove the trunk wrap during the summer to prevent damage by hidden insects.
Tree planting tips
Tree staking, mulching,
guying, trunk wrap

Tree Planting Tips
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Tree planting tips. Tree staking. Tree guying. Tree mulching. Trunk wrap.

Do not buy a tree or dig the hole before you have read the following tips.
* Buy a tree that is locally grown and will do well in your area.
* Know why you want the tree. Do you need privacy, a windbreak, a sound barrier, shade, fruit or want to attract birds?
* Not all trees will grow to the same size and shape. Make sure that the tree you choose "will fit" on your property once grown to full maturity.
* Choose a tree that will do well on your property (will it receive full or partial sunlight?). Fast growing trees are often weak and easily damaged by storms.
* Learn which trees are likely to harbour insects or are prone to disease.
* When choosing a tree consider the possible energy savings on heating and cooling your home. For more information on this go to Trees Can Lower Your Energy Costs.

* Just like in real estate the slogan for tree planting should be "location, location, location."
- Do not plant directly under, telephone, cable or power lines.
- Do not plant too close to property lines if you want to stay on good terms with your neighbours.
- Do not plant too close to the house. The roots may clog or dislodge weeping or drainage tiles which could lead to wet basements.
- Do not plant too close to walkways and driveways. The growing roots may heave concrete slabs and damage the driveway surface.
* The best time of planting the tree is when the weather is cool or cloudy. This is to prevent the soil from drying to fast.
* Dig a hole at least three times the diameter of the tree's root ball and a bit deeper than the height of the root ball.
* Mix the excavated soil with peat moss, compost or manure and spread this mixture around the tree after it has been positioned in place.
* Cut away plastic container from root ball. If the root ball is in burlap remove it and any shipping rope. This should be done carefully so the root ball will stay intact.
* Position tree in hole and back fill. Do not use your feet to tamp the soil but use water to settle the soil. After the soil has settled add more back fill. Do not fertilize until next spring.
* Water well into the fall and during next growing season. Mulch added around the tree base will retain moisture and requires less frequent watering.

Newly planted tree with two stakes,
guy wires, trunk wrap and mulch

Guy wires. Use wide straps to avoid trunk damage.
The tree should be guyed in such a manner
that the trunk has several inches of freedom
of movement. Do NOT use metal or other
materials for guy wires to prevent trunk damage.

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