Type or shape.
- Angled brushes are great for getting into corners and ceiling/wall joints. I use the angle brush also for for cutting in around baseboards and window and door trim.
- Look for brushes with flagged bristles. The ends of the bristles have been split to create more surface area. These brushes hold more paint and the paint will be applied more smoothly. Available only for latex paint (synthetic bristles).
- Look for long handled brushes with tapered bristles which means that the bristles in the center are a bit longer than those on the edge. This feature makes it much easier to apply the paint evenly.
1" to 2 1/2" wide angled sash brush (25 to 63 mm): For painting moldings, trim and frames.
2" (50mm) wide tapered and angled. For cutting in around window and door trim, baseboards, inside corners and along the ceiling edge.
3" to 4" (75 to 100 mm) wide brushes. For walls and ceilings. These brushes are 3/4" to 1" thick (19 to 25 mm).
ROLLERS - COVER MATERIAL AND ROLLER LENGTH
There are basically three types of materials used for roller covers.
- Synthetic (nylon and polyester) roller covers are ideal for applying latex paints.
- Natural (lambs and mohair wool) roller covers are best used for oil based paints.
- Foam rollers pick up a large amount of paint. As a result the coverage is excellent. Foam rollers are ideal for semi-gloss and gloss paints.
The standard paint roller widths are 7 1/2", 9" or 9 1/2" (190, 228 or 240 mm). However this may be too wide for some wall sections especially above windows and doors and where a door or window is close to a corner. For those narrow spaces I use a 3" (75 mm) roller. There is also a 4" (100 mm) wide roller available as well as several short and small diameter rollers.
ROLLERS - NAP LENGTH
Be sure to buy the right roller for the task. The general rule is that the smoother the surface, the shorter the nap; the rougher the surface, the longer the nap. For surfaces with heavy texture, longer naps can reduce the number of coats required.
3/8" (10mm): drywall, wood, light textured walls and ceilings.
1/2" (12 mm): smooth and semi-smooth surfaces like new drywall.
5/8" (15 mm): light textured walls and ceilings, light stucco.
3/4" (19 mm): heavily textured ceilings, coarse wood siding, light stucco.
1" (25 mm): concrete blocks, brick, textured plaster or stucco.
NOTE: 3/4" (19mm) foam rollers are also ideal for ceiling tile, stucco, concrete blocks and other uneven surfaces.
LINKS TO OTHER HELPFUL ARTICLES
Oil or latex? How to test old paint. Advantages, disadvantages.
Tools and supplies
. For surface preparation and painting.
Buy the right brush or roller
. Bristles, roller material, nap length.
. Wallpaper glue. Treating mildew.
Liquid sandpaper - deglossers
. What it is. What it doesn't do.
Paint Tray Liners. Make your own. Do you really need one?
. Getting ready. Tools. Painting. Storing paint.
. Brushes, rollers, trays, solvents, paint disposal.
Lead in paint
. Health warning. Remedial action. Government.
. Sources of lead other than paint. Remedial actions. Health concerns.